Medical Ethics & Health Policies Content
Nowadays, conflicts of interests between the government and medical institutions, between medical institutions and medical personnel, between physicians and patients are getting more and more serious and complex. High technologies not only brought us hopes of cure but have also created a heavy economic burden. The ethical dilemmas of high technology medicine-brain death, organ transplantation, and concerns about quality of life-have become increasingly prominent. A new and more specific code of ethics must be developed to meet the demands of social development and medical service. This new code integrates the traditional medical ethics with modern principles and values. Ethics are not general standards of conduct but the standards of a particular profession, occupation, institution, or group within society. Ethics deals with right and wrong conduct, with what we ought to do and what we should refrain from doing. The word “ethics”, when used in this way, usually serves as a modifier for another word, e.g. business ethics, medical ethics, sports ethics, military ethics, etc. The expressions “professional ethics” and “medical ethics” were coined by Thomas Percival. Conference Series Ltd Conference Series Ltd Conferences have an enhanced and highlighted feature of scientific partnerships and alliances with more than 1000 scientific associations and development agencies, Institutions, leading research organizations, NGO s, and other entities to promote the development- oriented research all around the globe. Our conference are from wide discipline covering all the areas of Pharma, Medical and Clinical Subjects consisting of right mix of researchers, Academicians, Industrial delegates, Care Givers and Health Practitioners to make our events a great success. Conference Series Ltd medical Conference calendar accommodates 300 International symposia and workshops which are arranged parallel to the scientific – sessions, focussing on a single topic related to the conference main theme. Conference Series Ltd are planned as group of events composed of key note lectures, plenary speeches, Special scientific sessions, international symposiums, workshops, Exhibitions, and B2B Meetings. These events are major avenues for the young and talented students to advance their career prospects by interacting with distinguished scientific professionals across the globe. Innovative young researchers receive young Scientist Awards for their contributions. The Young Researches Forum offers young researchers the possibility to meet and discuss research topics and methodologies, Share and develop ideas, learn from each other and gain knowledge from senior researchers. Young Researchers/Investigators for presenting latest research projects with an in- depth analysis and Conference Series Ltd Conferences offer least minimal price of 99$ for student delegate Participation. Student Poster Competition is organised at Paediatric Conferences, to encourage students and recent graduates to present their original research which will be later published in the Conference Series Ltd Journals. All accepted abstracts will be presented at the poster sessions for all the students who can attend the conference at 49 $ abstract published in the website with DOI number. Live Streaming is a value added service offering to speaker at Conference Series Ltd. Business Networking is an avenue vendor to have network with “Top scientists and Colleagues” and with an effective low cost marketing method for developing sales and opportunities and contacts, based on referrals and introductions either face-to-face at meetings and gatherings , or by other contact methods such as Telephone, E mail, Digital and Increasingly social and Business networking websites. Scope and Importance: Health professionals, health authorities and the public debate the issues raised by organ and tissue transplantation, unequal access to life-saving medicines, new reproductive technologies and vast increases in the numbers and types of clinical trials. The Four Traditional Pillars of Medical Ethics are Autonomy, Beneficence, Non-maleficence and justice. Autonomy refers to the capacity to think, decide and act on one's own free initiative. Beneficence refers promoting what is best for the patient. Beneficence implies consideration of the patient's pain, their physical and mental suffering, the risk of disability and death, and their quality of life. Non-maleficence refers to do no harm. In most cases of treating sick patients this adds little to the beneficence principle. But most treatments involve some degree of risk or have side-effects, so this principle reminds us to ponder the possibility of doing harm, especially when you cannot cure. Justice refers to the distribution of scarce health resources, and the decision of who gets what treatment “fairness and equality”. The burdens and benefits of new or experimental treatments must be distributed equally among all groups in society. The scope of the medical ethics covers the major research topics are: Genetic profiling and engineering Stem cell and embryo research Drug and medical research Patient and volunteer rights and consent Euthanasia and assisted suicide Application of existing law and development of new legal codes Conflict of law and ethics and changing scientific and social landscapes Healthcare professional liability & insurance Legal profession conduct and practice Ethics committees and healthcare professional bodies Financial and economic issues Animal rights Confidentiality and electronic patient records Impact of business and financial interests Political standards focus on the conduct of groups or social institutions, whereas ethical and moral standards focus on the conduct of individuals. Political standards take a macro-perspective on human affairs; ethical and moral standards adopt a micro-perspective. However, the distinction between ethics and politics is not absolute since many actions, institutions, and situations can be evaluated from an ethical or political point of view. All have a right to health and other conditions that promote a “sufficient” level of well-being, given practical constraints. Institutions and professionals must be trustworthy regarding this moral framework.